Monuments

Monuments

Monuments, statues and memorials

Porta da Vila - Obidos
Porta da Vila - Obidos
Vitor Oliveira | BY-SA

Since Óbidos remains a walled city, the Porta da Vila main gateway continues to be as important as ever. Leading onto Rua Direita, the town's high street, the gate actually takes the form of a small tower. Inside the fourteenth-century structure you'll find a Baroque upper balcony that was once used as an oratory (Oratório da Nossa Senhora da Piedade) and for public announcements.

The ornate entrance portal was decorated in 1740 with the blue and white azulejo tiles, typical throughout Portugal, with the complex artwork including references to the Passion of Christ and Virgin Mary,...

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Óbidos
Monuments Public Places
Arco da Porta Nova - Braga
Arco da Porta Nova
Jose Goncalves | BY-SA

Translating from the Portuguese as the Arch of the New Gate, the Arco da Porta Nova is an ornamental gateway leading into the historic centre of Braga from the west. Located on the pedestrianised Rua do D. Diogo de Sousa, it was constructed to a design by architect André Soares in the 1770s, although a gate has stood in its place since the city walls were completed in the late 1300s.

Rising several stories over the street, the Arco da Porta Nova is stylistically different on both sides. Its western face is dominated by the baroque style that Soares became known for. However, its...

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Braga
Monuments
Vila do Conde aqueduct
Sergei Gussev | BY-SA

Virtually from the founding of the Santa Clara monastery in the early 14th century it was apparent that having an adequate water supply was going to be an issue. Initially there was a cistern within the monastery but as it grew this was no longer sufficient.

In 1626 an ambitious construction project to carry water from a spring on high ground at Terroso, around 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) away, commenced. It was 10 years before the next abbot realised there had been something of a catastrophic miscalculation; a significant slope in the original route meant the building work to date was...

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Vila do Conde
Industrial Monuments
Cividade de Terroso
Cividade de Terroso
PedroPVZ | BY-SA

The ancient city of Cividade de Terroso is located on a hilltop a few kilometres inland of Póvoa de Varzim. It is estimated to be in the region of 3,000 years old and was one of the largest and most fortified settlements of the celtic Castro people.

What makes up most of the remains of this Bronze Age city are the impressive granite walls belonging to a significant number of circular huts. In their day these would have had conical straw roofs and been home to hundreds of people. In addition there are some well preserved sections of the considerable defensive structures including a...

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Póvoa de Varzim
Monuments Palaces and Historic Houses
Catholic Cemetery in Porto

Whilst cemeteries might not make it onto most bucket lists, the Cemitério de Agramonte in Boavista is well worth a visit. Originally built in 1855 to hold the victims of a cholera epidemic, this was Porto's second public cemetery but it soon morphed into something far grander.

In the 1870s a chapel was built within the cemetery by Gustavo Adolfo Gonçalves e Sousa. This was enlarged in 1906 under the direction of Architect José Marques da Silva. Frescos of Byzantine inspiration  by Italian painter Silvestro Silvestri were added to the interior.

The chapel alone is worth a...

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Porto
Monuments Unusual
Arco da Vila - Faro
Arco da Vila - Faro
Morgan Davis | BY-SA

Faro's fine neo-classical archway is the entrance to the Algarve city's old quarter (Cidade Velha). It was built on the site of a much older medieval gateway in the city walls by order of Bishop Francisco Gomes do Avelar in 1812. He oversaw much of the reconstruction of Faro after the devastating 1755 earthquake.

The design is the work of Genoese architect Francisco Xavier Fabri. Also hailing from Italy is the statue set in the recess above the arch - it is a figure of St Thomas Aquinas, a 13th century Italian religious scholar.

...

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Faro
Monuments
Rosa dos Ventos - Sagres
Rosa dos Ventos
CTHOE | BY-SA

The navigation school founded by Henry the Navigator at Sagres fortress played a key role in Portugal’s Age of Discoveries.  On entering the fortress site, one of the first things to catch the eye is a huge circular stone paving measuring 43 metres in diameter. The Rosa dos Ventos or "Rose of the Winds" as it has since become known, was only excavated in 1919.

There has been much speculation as to what purpose the rose served.  Some believe it to be a kind of compass which...

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Sagres
Monuments Unusual
Monumento dos Restauradores - Obelisk - Lisbon
Monumento dos Restauradores
the3cats

Most tours of Lisbon will pass through the Praca dos Restauradores in the Baixa district. Here, towering over the centre of the plaza is a 30-metre high, white obelisk, built to commemorate those who fought in the 17th century War of Restoration, helping to free the country from six decades of Spanish rule under the Habsburg dynasty and facilitating the transition of power to the House of Braganza which held power in Portugal until the 20th century.

It looks like the kind of obelisk that might have been...

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Baixa Chiado Lisbon
Monuments
Monumento Combatentes Ultramar - Belem
Monumento Combatentes Ultramar
RichardLey

From the early 1960’s to the mid-1970s Portugal fought a controversial campaign in Africa, attempting in vain to keep hold of its colonies there.  Known as the Combatentes Ultramar (Overseas War) this conflict took the lives of over 9,000 soldiers, many of whom came from the Lisbon area.   The bloody war was a factor which led to the toppling of the regime of Dr Antonio de Oliveira Salazar whose right-wing regime had held power since 1932.

Today Lisbon's Belem district is home to a striking was memorial dedicated to the memory of the...

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Belem
Monuments
Evora Roman Temple detail
Evora Roman Temple detail
Trapuzarra

The Roman Temple of Évora is said by some to be the best-preserved Roman structure on the Iberian Peninsula.  It was once thought to be the Temple of Diana, the goddess of hunting, and many still call it by this name, but this attribution appears to date back to the views of a 17th century priest, without any historical or archaeological foundation.  Most now agree that the temple was built around the first century A.D. and was dedicated to the Emperor Augustus, who was venerated as a god both during his lifetime and after his death. 

This structure is well...

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Evora
Monuments

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